Russian authorities crack down on human rights activists and other individuals in occupied Crimea
On 27 March 2019, representatives of the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) in occupied Crimea raided houses of Crimean Tatars in the city of Simferopol, as well as in Bilohirsky and Krasnohvardiysky rayons. In total, FSB officers searched some 27 houses and detained at least 20 Crimean Tatars who they took to the FSB office in Simferopol. This is the largest campaign of politically-motivated arrests conducted against the Crimean Tatar community (including activists of the Crimean Solidarity movement) since the beginning of Russia’s occupation of Crimea. As in previous cases of persecution of Crimean Tatar activists, the detentions are reportedly based on Russian anti-terrorism legislation.
We, the undersigned NGOs, are extremely concerned by this wave of searches and arrests and strongly condemn the systematic groundless persecution of the Crimean Tatars by the occupying authorities.
In light of the above-mentioned, we demand the authorities of the Russian Federation and the authorities in occupied Crimea to:
- Immediately and unconditionally release those Crimean Tatars detained in Wednesday’s raids;
- Conduct a prompt, effective, and impartial investigation into the unlawful detentions and instances of physical violence committed against activists in Crimea;
- Ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice;
- Take all necessary measures to prevent such attacks in the future;
- Release the detainees and cease the persecution of Crimean Tatars, Crimean Muslims, including through administrative arrests, trumped-up criminal charges, confiscation of property and other forms of repression.
We ask international organizations and foreign governments:
- To continue putting pressure on the Russia’s government to cease the persecution of Crimean Solidarity activists and other Crimean Tatars;
- To condemn the use by Russia of its own “anti-terrorism and anti-extremism” legislation for prosecuting lawyers, human rights defenders and civil society activists in occupied Crimea.
- To impose personal sanctions on persons involved in gross violations of human rights in occupied Crimea, as well as on those directly involved in the obstruction of the work of lawyer’s and the persecution of members of the Crimean Solidarity movement.
- To strengthen sectoral sanctions against the Russian Federation for systematic gross violations of human rights and war crimes committed in occupied Crimea.
Searches were carried out in the houses of Crimean Tatar activists belonging to the Crimean Solidarity movement, a platform, which unites relatives of political prisoners and their lawyers, with the goal of restoring justice for the victims of human rights violations in Crimea. Members of Crimean Solidarity provide legal, financial and moral assistance to victims and their relatives.
The Russian media reported that five individuals (Remzi Bekirov, Shaban Umerov, Riza Izetov, Farid Bazarov, Ruslan Suleymanov) are accused of organising terrorist activities (Article 205.5, Section 1, of the Russian Criminal Code), while others are accused of of participating in the activities of a terrorist organisation (Article 205.5, Section 2). It was also reported that FSB officers are still looking for another four Crimean Tatars, and therefore are continuing to search houses in in the village of Strohanivka in Simferopol region. Access to the area is understood to be blocked off, and checkpoints have been set up.
The charges are based on the Crimean Tatars’ alleged participation in the Hizb ut-Tahrir religious organization, which Russia’s Supreme Court ruled to be a terrorist organization in 2003. According to Ukrainian legislation, the activities of Hizb ut-Tahrir’s are legitimate and lawful.
Moreover, the Russian FSB officials violated procedural legislation: for instance, searches were carried out without a warrant, lawyers were not allowed to meet their clients, and FSB representatives damaged property during the searches.
It should be noted that apart from those persons apprehended on Wednesday, 33 Crimean Tatars have already been detained on similar charges. Among them is Emir Usein Kuku, founder of the Crimean Contact Group, who helped families to search for their abducted relatives and protected the rights of victims of the human rights abuses. Emir Usein Kuku has spent three years in prison already. Leading human rights organizations, including Amnesty International, judge his case to be politically motivated. Server Mustafaev, one of the founders of the Crimean Solidarity movement, is in the same situation.
- Armenian Helsinki Association (Armenia)
- Association of Relatives of Political Prisoners of the Kremlin (Ukraine)
- Association UMDPL (Ukraine)
- Austrian Helsinki Association (Austria)
- Belarusian Helsinki Committee (Belarus)
- Bir Duino (Kyrgyzstan)
- Bulgarian Helsinki Committee (Bulgaria)
- Center for Civil Liberties (Ukraine)
- Center for Participation and Development (Georgia)
- Centre for the Development of Democracy and Human Rights (Russia)
- Citizens' Watch (Russia)
- Crimean Human Rights Group (Ukraine)
- CrimeaSOS (Ukraine)
- Crude Accountability (USA)
- German Russian Exchange (DRA – Germany)
- Helsinki Citizens' Assembly – Vanadzor (Armenia)
- Helsinki Committee for Human Rights of the Republic of North Macedonia
- Helsinki Committee of Armenia (Armenia)
- Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (Poland)
- Humanrights.ch (Switzerland)
- Human Rights Center ZMINA (Ukraine)
- Human Rights House Foundation
- Human Rights Initiative (Ukraine)
- Human Rights Matter (Germany)
- Human Rights Monitoring Institute (Lithuania)
- International Partnership for Human Rights (Belgium)
- Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and the Rule of Law (Kazakhstan)
- Legal Policy Research Centre (Kazakhstan)
- Legal Transformation Center (Belarus)
- Libereco - Partnership for Human Rights (Germany/Switzerland)
- Media Initiative for Human Rights (Ukraine)
- Protection of Rights Without Borders (Armenia)
- Public Alternative (Ukraine)
- Public Association “Dignity” (Kazakhstan)
- Regional Center for Human Rights (Ukraine)
- SOLIDARUS (Germany/Russia)
- The Georgian Centre for Psychosocial and Medial Rehabilitations of Torture Victims (Georgia)
- The Human Rights Centre "Viasna" (Belarus)
- The Netherlands Helsinki Committee (The Netherlands)
- The Norwegian Helsinki Committee (Norway)
- The Swedish OSCE-network (Sweden)
- Truth Hounds (Ukraine/Georgia)
- Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union (Ukraine)
- Ukrainian Iinstitute for Human Rights (Ukraine)
- ZARA (Germany)